WordPress website migration means migrating a WordPress site from one server to another server. For example, if your website is currently hosted on Bluehost, you may wish to migrate it to Siteground.
You may want to change your domain name (from https://olddomain.com to https://newdomain.com) on certain occasions.
The contents of your website (files and databases) are transferred to a new server. The old server’s content has not changed. You can manually delete them after the migration, or the hosting providers will do so when your subscription expires.
Migrating a WordPress site from one host to another can be a difficult task (and even dangerous) if you don’t know what you’re doing. However, website migration should be a simple process, and even if you encounter a problem or two, you should be able to handle it on your own.
There are many reasons why people choose to migrate their sites. Following are some major reasons for migrating a wordpress websites:
Websites are hosted using various types of hosting plans. The server is shared by hundreds of thousands of websites in low-cost hosting plans.
Others suffer when one or two sites begin to consume more resources.
Websites hosted on shared hosting experience significant downtime.
As a result, many websites opt for more expensive hosting plans, such as cloud servers or managed hosting.
Although your hosting provider may offer more expensive hosting plans, many website owners prefer to switch to providers who expertise in cloud servers, managed hosting, or VPS hosting.
While some want to expand their businesses by moving to better hosting companies, others need to drastically cut.
If your company is experiencing financial difficulties, you may want to consider cost-cutting measures.
Websites that are underperforming frequently bear the brunt of a difficult business decision. In your case, you might want to upgrade to a cheaper hosting plan.
Pro Tip: You do not need to migrate if you are simply downgrading or upgrading with the same hosting provider. You only need to migrate when you switch hosting providers.
3. Domain Name Change
People change their domain names for a variety of reasons.
Businesses evolve, and you need the domain name to represent what your company stands for.
You may have began with a very long domain name and now want something short and memorable for your domain name. If you decide to change the domain name for any reason, migration is required.
One of the most important key components of internet businesses is the customer support they provide.
Users may seek alternatives if they have a negative customer experience.
According to a PwC report, 73 percent of consumers say a positive experience is important in influencing their brand loyalty.
Agencies with dozens of websites that consistently receive poor support would migrate client sites to better hosting providers.
5.Launching New Sites:
When it comes to creating new websites, business organizations take one of two approaches. They introduce a website quickly with a simple design and minimal text, or they build a full-fledged website locally and then migrate it to an online server.
Here’s a step-by-step guide for moving a website from localhost to a live server.
6.Moving Test Sites:
Test sites are created to conduct website experiments without compromising the live site. Test sites are copies of the live site created on a subdomain or subdirectory or a staging server using a web host or the WP staging plugin, or manually. When site owners are satisfied with the changes they’ve made on the test site, they want to move the test site to the live site.
This article will not go into detail about that type of migration. However, we have guides that will assist you in migrating a subdomain or subdirectory to the main site as well as creating and moving a staging site to the live server.
It is not difficult to migrate a WordPress website. If you want to do it manually, you’ll need to be familiar with File Transfer Protocol (FTP), accessing databases, and modifying files on the back end of your website.
Those procedures appear complicated, but they are simple and clear if you follow a step-by-step guide. If you prefer a more simple way, you should always use a WordPress migration tool or plugin.
Keep in mind that when using migration plugins, larger websites may be more error prone. Manual migration is the better option in these cases. If you carefully follow the guidelines, you should have no problems.
Finally, new subscribers should be aware that some web hosts provide free migration services. You can also involve a third-party service to assist you in moving your site, though this can be an expensive solution (and you should choose a company with a good reputation).
Step 1: Choose a New WordPress Host
If you’re looking into how to transfer your website, you’re probably leaving your existing host for a reason. You should keep any issues you’ve had in mind as you look for a new home for your WordPress website.
For example, if your site was hacked, you should look for a new provider with superior security features. It is also critical to understand the various types of hosting available to you. These consists:
In order to select the best option for your website, you must first determine what your top priorities are. Protection, data storage, speed, and customer support are all important considerations. For example, if you run a large eCommerce business, security may be higher on your priority list than other items.
Step 2: Back Up Your Site’s Files
The first step is to make a backup of all of your website’s files. You will need to use an FTP tool to accomplish this. If you don’t already have one, FileZilla is a great (and free) alternative.
After connecting to your site’s server via FTP, move to your WordPress root folder, which contains all of your site’s files. It’s usually referred to as public html or www, or it’s named after your website:
Now, right-click on your root directory and select Download option:
This will download a copy of your whole root folder to your computer. The process may take some time, but once completed, you will be ready to move on.
Step 3: Back Up Your WordPress Database
You already have a copy of your site’s records at this point. You must now back up its database. This is where you can find information about your site’s content, users, and much more.
You’ll need to connect to your database to accomplish this. The majority of web hosts allow you to do this through your control panel. If you’re using cPanel, for example, you’ll find a Databases section. You’ll want to select the phpMyAdmin option in that section.
Step 4: Export Your WordPress Database
Once inside, select your site’s database from the list on the left and use the top menu to go to the Export tab. Select the Quick option from the Export Method drop-down menu, then click Go.
This will save a copy of your site’s database in.sql format to your computer.
Step 5: Create a New SQL Database and Import the Contents of Your Old One
The next step is to create a new database on the new web host. Then you’ll import the file from your old database, which will modify the new one’s contents.
If your new WordPress host also uses cPanel, you’ll need to do the following:
Your old database is now hosted on your new web host. However, you still need to re-upload the rest of your website’s files.
On the other hand, if you’ve selected a host that doesn’t use cPanel, you’ll need to follow a different set of guidelines. For example, I f you’re moving to one of our WP Engine hosting plans, you can use our useful and interactive migration checklist tool:
This can be found in your User Portal. It can be used to undergo the process of migrating to a production environment.
Step 6: Upload Your Site’s Files to the New Web Host
To begin this step, you must first log into your new server via FTP. Then, go to its root folder.
Right-click anywhere within that folder and choose Upload. Place the folder you downloaded in the first step, open it, and select all of the files and folders contained within it.
Because we’re dealing with hundreds of files, the upload process may take some time.
Step 7: Edit Your Site’s wp-config.php File
After you’ve uploaded all of your files to the new server, you’ll need to reach your WordPress root folder one more time. If you try to access your website right now, it will not work because you need to update WordPress’ wp-config.php file to figure to your new database.
Place the wp-config.php file within your new root directory, right-click on it, and choose View/Edit:
This will open the file in your preferred text editor, allowing you to make modifications. Here are the three lines that need to be updated:
Presently, all three lines will contain values pointing to your old database. Substitute the lowercase factors with the credentials for your newly created database, which you created in Step 3.
Then save and close the file with your changes. You should now be able to access your WordPress site, which will look exactly the same as before.
Step 8: Configure and Change Your DNS
Finally, ensure that your Domain Name Server (DNS) is pointing to the correct host. For example, I f you’re migrating to one of our hosting plans you’ll need to figure your DNS to your new WP Engine server.
You’ll require two things to do this:
You can find the information you require by going back to your WP Engine User Portal and clicking on Domains:
A part called DNS Details can be found near the bottom of the Domains screen. There, you’ll find a CNAME Record as well as an A NAME for your website.
This is the data you’ll need to access into your domain name registration account. The process will differ depending on where you purchased the domain. To assist you in completing the DNS configuration process, we’ve compiled a list of the most common registrars, along with detailed instructions for each.
When you need to move your website, it’s normal to feel worried about the process. After all, you’ve worked hard to acquire what you have, and you don’t want to lose any of it. Fortunately, there are a number of excellent migration plugins available to assist.
Using a plugin is frequently accompanied by an insurance policy. This is due to the fact that many of these tools can create full site backups for you as well as provide recovery services. Furthermore, if you only need to migrate a portion of your site, there are plugins that can tailor the process to your requirements.